Welcome to the Polkamarkets V2 Documentation!

Introduction to Prediction Markets

Prediction markets are markets where outcomes of unknown future events can be forecast. These markets rely on the wisdom of the crowd to provide accurate predictions of the likelihood of various outcomes.
There are several types of prediction markets available. In a blockchain based prediction market, participants use their crypto-assets to trade positions that pay out if a particular event occurs. For example, a contract in this type of prediction market might pay out 1 unit of a selected crypto asset if a particular political candidate wins an election and 0  units of such crypto asset if they lose. The price of the position reflects the perceived likelihood of the event occurring.
Prediction markets have been used to accurately predict the outcomes of events ranging from political elections to the success of new product launches. In many cases, prediction markets have outperformed traditional polling methods in terms of accuracy.
One of the key advantages of prediction markets is that they incentivize participants to provide honest and accurate information. In a traditional polling environment, participants may be hesitant to express their true beliefs for fear of social backlash or other negative consequences. In a prediction market, however, participants are financially incentivized to accurately predict the outcome of an event.
Another advantage of prediction markets is that they provide a more nuanced view of the likelihood of an event occurring. Traditional polls typically ask participants to choose between two options (e.g. candidate A or candidate B), while prediction markets allow for a range of probabilities to be assigned to different outcomes.
Despite their potential advantages, prediction markets are not without their limitations. One key challenge is ensuring that the market is not subject to manipulation by a small group of traders. Additionally, prediction markets may not be suitable for predicting all types of events, particularly those that are highly complex or difficult to measure.
Overall, prediction markets are a promising tool for predicting the outcomes of future events. While they are not without their limitations, their ability to incentivize accurate information and provide nuanced views of the likelihood of different outcomes make them a valuable tool for businesses, governments, and individuals alike.